Man-made substances used to treat conditions caused by low levels of steroid hormones in the body misused to enhance athletic and sexual performance and physical appearance. For more information, see the Steroids and Other Appearance and Performance Enhancing Drugs (APEDs) Research Report.
|Street Names||Commercial Names||Common Forms||Common Ways Taken||DEA Schedule|
|Juice, Gym Candy, Pumpers, Roids||Nandrolone (Oxandrin®), oxandrolone (Anadrol®), oxymetholone (Anadrol-50®), testosterone cypionate (Depo-testosterone®)||Tablet, capsule, liquid drops, gel, cream, patch, injectable solution||Injected, swallowed, applied to skin||III**|
|Possible Health Effects|
|Short-term||Builds muscles, improved athletic performance. Acne, fluid retention (especially in the hands and feet), oily skin, yellowing of the skin, infection.|
|Long-term||Kidney damage or failure; liver damage; high blood pressure, enlarged heart, or changes in cholesterol leading to increased risk of stroke or heart attack, even in young people; aggression; extreme mood swings; anger (“roid rage”); extreme irritability; delusions; impaired judgment.|
|Other Health-related Issues||Males: shrunken testicles, lowered sperm count, infertility, baldness, development of breasts.
Females: facial hair, male-pattern baldness, enlargement of the clitoris, deepened voice.
Adolescents: stunted growth.
Risk of HIV, hepatitis, and other infectious diseases from shared needles.
|In Combination with Alcohol||Increased risk of violent behavior.|
|Withdrawal Symptoms||Mood swings; tiredness; restlessness; loss of appetite; insomnia; lowered sex drive; depression, sometimes leading to suicide attempts.|
|Behavioral Therapies||More research is needed to find out if behavioral therapies can be used to treat steroid addiction.|